Buttercup family – Ranunculaceae (“a little frog”)

Key features of the family:

  • Alternate leaves (except woody Clematis)
  • No stipules
  • Leaves mostly palmately-lobed or divided
  • Flowers usually have 5 sepals and 5 petals
  • More or less common to all are the many stamens and carpels free from each other and the superior ovary.
  • Some have calyx instead of corolla (NOT genus ranunculus)

Species

Yellow buttercups:

Creeping buttercup (Ranunculus repens)

Meadow buttercup (Ranunculus acris)

Jersey buttercup (Ranunculus paludosus)

Bulbous buttercup (Ranunculous bulbosus)

(CR) Corn buttercup (Ranunculus arvensis)

Small-flowered buttercup (Ranunculus parviflorus)

(AWI) Goldilocks buttercup (Ranunculus auricomus)

Celery-leaved buttercup (Ranunculus sceleratus)

Hairy buttercup (Ranunculus sardous)

Lesser celandine (Ranunculus ficaria)

Lesser spearwort (Ranunculus flammula)

Greater spearwort (Ranunculus lingua)

Marsh marigold (Caltha palustris)

(FPO, WO, AWI) Globeflower (Trollius europaeus)

(AWI) Green hellebore (Helleborus viridis)

(AWI) Stinking hellebore (Helleborus foetidus)

Pheasant’s-eye (Adonis annua)

Water-crowfoots:

  • White flowers with yellow bases
  • Grow in water or mud
  • Some have capillary leaves

(VU) Pasqueflower (Pulsatilla vulgaris)

(AWI) Wood anemone (Anemone nemerosa)

Winter aconite (Eranthis hyemalis)

(AWI) Monk’s-hood (Aconitum napellus)

(AWI) Columbine (Aquilegia vulgaris)

Larkspur (Consolida ajacis)

Traveller’s-joy (Clematis vitalba)

Common Meadow-rue (Thalictrum flavum)

Lesser Meadow-rue (Thalictrum minus)

(VU) Mousetail (Myosurus minimus)

Baneberry (Actaea spicata)

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